Ethics deals with good behavioral decisions, taking into account all circumstances. It deals with the distinction between what is considered right and wrong in a particular culture at a given time. Medical ethics deals with the obligations of physicians and the hospital to the patient, in collaboration with other health professionals and society. Physicians in Canada have a legal duty of care to their current patients and, in certain circumstances, to those who are not their patients. The applicant must also demonstrate what the appropriate level of care was in the circumstances. Failure to comply with this adequate level of care ultimately leads to alleged medical negligence on the part of the health care provider. A physician`s personal financial interests should not conflict with the medical interests of patients. A physician must disclose fees before providing the service, not after treatment begins.  During a pandemic, physicians may experience tensions between their ethical responsibilities and their legal rights and obligations.
For example, the Code of Ethics states that physicians have a fundamental ethical responsibility to „consider the patient`s well-being first,” but also to „promote and maintain the patient`s own health and well-being.” 24 Some universities have described the ethical dilemmas that can arise during a pandemic and developed policy statements specifically tailored to physicians` ethical obligations.27–29 The issues become more complicated when considering physicians` legal duty of care and their legal right to refuse to work in unsafe conditions. Physicians should be aware that the existence of this separate regulatory system does not deny their right to refuse to work in unsafe conditions, nor does it protect them from negligent liability for breach of their legal duty of care. The courts may be prepared to depart from this traditional position. Physicians who work in emergency departments or provide regular emergency services may have a duty of care to people who are not their patients because the public relies on these physicians to provide emergency treatment.7 These physicians may be held liable if they carelessly refuse people who need emergency care during a pandemic. What is considered reckless depends on the circumstances; In assessing liability, the courts will consider what a reasonable physician would have done in these circumstances. The health profession has a set of ethics that are applicable to different groups of health professionals and health facilities. Ethics is not static, but applies to all times. What was considered good ethics a hundred years ago can no longer be considered good today.
The hospital administrator is required to understand his or her legal and ethical responsibilities.  It helps the patient to search the social system and health centers. They store stakeholder data and continually update it based on new policies and information programs. The health care community provides referrals, informal advice, and confidence to resolve health issues. The Code of Ethics for Health Care Professionals states that patients have the right to know the truth about their health and that they can choose treatment options. The information must be sufficient and understandable to enable the patient to make informed decisions that are in their best interest. Ethical and legal dilemmas arise when the health care provider and the patient or patient`s family have different opinions about appropriate care. A health professional may be torn between the ethic of charity (doing good) and autonomy (respecting the wishes of the patient). If no solution can be found, a judge may have to decide the matter. A physician should participate in professional programs as part of medical education programs of at least 30 hours every 5 years, organized by prestigious academic professional associations.
 During a pandemic, physicians may face conditions they deem dangerous. The right to refuse to work while the conditions are dangerous depends on the circumstances and the field in which doctors practice. If doctors have a legal right, they can stop working until the dangerous situation has been resolved without being sanctioned by their superiors. Since this right exists to protect workers from discipline, physicians who are self-employed and practise from their offices do not have the right to refuse to work. However, these doctors are usually employers and should be aware of their employees` right to refuse to work during a pandemic. Employment agencies across Canada have confirmed that workers must meet four criteria to justify their refusal to work due to unsafe or unsafe conditions:10 Ethical, professional and legal cooperation is necessary to resolve tensions between physicians` legal rights and responsibilities and their ethical responsibilities. Medical ethics issues often concern life and death. Serious health issues are raised with respect to patients` rights, informed consent, confidentiality, jurisdiction, living wills, negligence and many others.
These are some of the characteristics of a health worker that must be present. The health and safety laws of Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, Yukon and the federal government state that workers cannot refuse to work if doing so endangers the life, health or safety of another person. There is no evidence that this limit is applied in provinces whose health and safety legislation does not include it. In many countries, large numbers of health workers work outside the home. Other managers, assistants and technicians are also considered the main part of the health care team. When a patient sees a doctor, it is his duty to listen carefully to his problem and examine it closely. Given the legal uncertainty surrounding physicians` rights and obligations during a pandemic, physicians should not unrealistically rely on existing legislation or jurisprudence. We cannot delude ourselves that physicians have absolute autonomy from the work they do, or that they can be forced to work in all circumstances. Physicians need to be aware of evolving law and ethical discourse. The nature of rights and obligations in different contexts is influenced by ethical, professional and legal cooperation. Physicians need to work with healthcare facilities, regulators and the public to ensure that those working during a pandemic feel safe and willing to work.
The incident raises questions about the responsibilities of health care providers with respect to patient privacy, consent and law. Access to health care presents difficult ethical and legal dilemmas for health care professionals who sign an oath not to harm their patients. Balancing quality of care and efficiency can be challenging. Health care professionals struggle to help patients who don`t have the resources to cover the treatment they need. Pressure from hospital administrations, insurance companies and managed care organizations further limits the choice of treatments and prescriptions. A malpractice lawsuit is more likely when a patient claims their condition was misdiagnosed by a stressed physician. It is an act of voluntary agreement between two parties; In medical care, it is the patient and the doctor. There are two types of consent. It can be oral or written, mostly written for future reference. Informed means that the patient or companion understands the nature of the treatment or procedure and once fully understood, the patient or companion has signed. The legal age to give consent in India is 12. During sterilization, all consents must also be obtained from the partner.
If a request for medical records is made by authorized patients/carers or by judicial authorities, this can be duly confirmed and the documents must be issued within 72 hours. Physicians are required by law to provide a certain standard of competence and care to their existing patients.1 Legal due diligence occurs when a physician agrees to treat a patient who has requested his or her services.1 In determining what this duty requires, physicians should consider whether the treatment they provide is what a „reasonable physician” would provide in the circumstances. Specialists should exercise a higher level of competence in their field.2 There is considerable literature on the ethical duties of physicians during pandemics, but much less has been written about their legal obligations. Without understanding the legal landscape, physicians could face serious professional and personal consequences: those who violate their legal obligations may face lawsuits for negligence, and those who do not understand their legal right to refuse to work in unsafe conditions may face serious injury and even death. Doctors around the world are grappling with similar problems, although the legal implications are different in each country.